Comparative Law implies the study of how different legal systems are related as well as their similarities and differences. Comparative law is becoming increasingly essential in this era of globalization and the intertwinement of global public and private laws. It assists in harmonizing and unifying law, which leads to an increased international cooperation. Comparative law is a key tool for legislators like Sujit Choudhry who is a specialist in comparative constitutional law and politics.
The Levels of Comparison of Comparative Law
Comparative law is divided into two levels, including macro-level comparison and micro-level comparison. The former entails comparing of two or more legal systems as a whole whereas the latter is about describing the analysis of a legal issue and the treatment of issue two or more legal systems. Comparison of the entire United States and German legal systems uses the macro-level comparison. Conversely, if you want to know the development of contracts in the United States and Germany, you should apply the micro-level comparison. Refer to constitutionaltransitions.org for more.
The History of Comparative Law
Comparative law is traced back to 18th century Europe. Montesquieu is the early founder of comparative law. He applied a comparative approach from his masterpiece, De l’esprit des lois. An excerpt of the book from Chapter III cited that the civil and political laws of every state should be adapted without biases.
Sir Henry Maine, a legal historian, and British jurist is the modern founder of comparative law. In his book titled “Ancient Law,” he cited that comparative law connects the early history of societies and modern ideas. Maine sets out opinions of developing of legal institutions in remote communities and engaging comparative discussions of Western and Eastern legal traditions. Furthermore, Rudolf Schlesinger, a legal scholar, brought comparative law to the United States. Check crunchbase.com for additional article.
Sujit Choudhry is a well-known expert on comparative constitutional law and politics. He also works at the University of California, Berkeley as the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law. Sujit Choudhry integrates his extensive advisory experience in constitutional building process in Nepal, Egypt, and South Africa. Visit this important page.
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Sujit Choudhry is the acclaimed founding director of the renowned Center for Constitutional Transitions, which mobilizes knowledge for supporting the constitution building process. Additionally, he has published more than ninety articles, reports, and book chapters.
More to read on http://www.law.nyu.edu/news/choudhry_award
In 2012, an article entitled ‘New Zealand – A Model of Transparency’ attracted the attention of users in the major social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Linked-in. The article gave some useful insights on the tax situation in New Zealand. Geoffrey Cone, a Principal at Cone Marshall and the author of the article, argued that New Zealand was not a tax haven and that it did not rely on the secretive private banking industry.
Instead, he painted the country as a loyal charter member, which strictly observes the model on Exchange of Information as per the 2002 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) agreement. According to him, New Zealand has always adhered to the principals embodied in the gold standard on transparency and accountability.
As to why New Zealand has experienced tremendous growth and the high number of foreign trusts, he points out that it is always about the suitability of the environment. With regard to this environment:
- New Zealand is recognized worldwide as a safe and a stable country politically and economically.
- It has practical and effective laws.
- It has created a reliable and effective legal and professional structure.
- It is highly respected for its organized structure of the judiciary.
Such factors encourage interested persons to trust their assets on New Zealand soil comfortably. Mr. Cone says, “This is good for the country’s reputation worldwide.”
In May 2016, a study considered by many Law Firms as an Expert Directory, described Geoffrey Cone as a quintessential tax lawyer. He and Karen Marshall are co- principals at Cone Marshall- a law firm that observes the highest principles of tax and trust transparency. It is also known for offering its clients trustworthy advice regarding International tax and trust law.
More on Cone Marshall
It is an international tax and trusts law firm. It was established in 1999 with the aim of enabling families to build new global trust funds, partnerships, and companies. It also offers global wealth and guidance on effective ways to plan tax.
Karen Marshall gathered over a decade’s worth of experience in a previous law firm where she served in its Commercial Litigation Department. In 2005, she started working at Cone Marshall, and a year later, she became a principal. Currently, she is an astute advisor to legal advisory companies. She is deeply respected for her comprehensive knowledge in managing trusts.
The firm is based in Auckland, Parnell House, Level 3, and Auckland 1151. For more information contact +64 9 307 3950 or visit its website.
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